Diabetes Types

Diabetes Types

Chi Cruz, MD

What is the difference?

T1

Type 1 diabetes mellitus

T2

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

T1 is characterized by little or no insulin produced by the body, a condition called insulin deficiency.

MAIN FEATURE

The difference is mainly on the ability to produce insulin at onset.

T2 is characterized mostly by the inability of insulin to work well, a condition called insulin resistance.
T1 is usually caused by a reaction that makes the body’s immune system attack the cells that produce insulin.

CAUSE

Both can be hereditary

T2 is more often caused by conditions that make insulin less effective, such as obesity and sedentary lifestyle
T1 is treated with insulin

TREATMENT

Medications are aimed to control blood sugar.

There is no permanent cure yet.

T2 is treated with oral medications and other injectables, including insulin.
COMPLICATIONS

Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes can cause complications in the eyes, nerves, kidneys, heart and blood vessels.

OTHER TYPES

Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy.

It resolves after childbirth, but it increases the mother’s risk of having T2 diabetes.

Other conditions are called secondary diabetes. These are due to diseases or medications that affect hormones that control blood sugar and may also cause diabetes

Visit www.idf.org and www.endo-society.org.ph for information and activities

 

See more Endocrine Hotspots Editions at endo-society.org.ph/endocrine-hotspots

Brought to you by the Philippine College of Endocrinology Diabetes and Metabolism (PCEDM)
Website: endo-society.org.ph
IG: @endocsociety
Twitter: @EndoSoc_ph
Facebook: fb.com/filipinoendocrinologists

Gallery

What is PCEDM?

The PCEDM is a sub-specialty society of the Philippine College of Physicians, a founding member of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies, and a member of the International Society of Endocrinology.

Learn More >>